Developing for PS3 – Part 3 – Programing

Writing code is obviously the primary (along with creating art assets) thing that’s involved in game making. But I’m also not sure what exactly your all expecting me to say about it. There isn’t much that is legitimately specific to PS3. If your familiar with C++ and OpenGL then you are pretty much good to go. If there is something you would like to to write about then let me know. Would you be interested in reading a sort of walk through of building a simple game? If so then what kind of game? Platformer? Until then here is… something.

Step 1

Get a copy of Visual Studio and install it. Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Express is completely free and just as usable as the full retail package.

People hate on Visual Studio but its a perfectly likable IDE and there is nothing wrong with using it. With the benefit of little things like syntax highlighting it is at the least preferable over writing in a simple text editor like notepad.

Plus it will enable you to compile Windows builds of the stuff you make which will save you a ton of time when it comes to testing anything that isn’t PS3 specific (like collision detection or jump heights). You wont even need to make your own Visual Studio Project files. The testapp along with most if not all of the other samples included with the PS3 1.92 SDK come with their own pre made vcproj and related files.

Step 2

Developing with the official SDK leaves you with two APIs to choose from in terms of rendering. GCM and PSGL. GCM is specific to the hardware and is as low level as it gets and as a result what you make with it will (or should) preform somewhat better then if you use Sony’s implementation of OpenGL. But that being said PSGL is pure awesome. Its all that I use and its what I highly recommend using.

PSGL is OpenGL ES 1.0 complaint meaning that if your noobish there are tons of resources available online with information about writing for it. It also means that you wont be teathering yourself to PS3 for ever. OpenGL exists in some form or another on effectively every platform in existence so its a good idea to become familiar with it and it will make it a lot easier to port anything you write. It also supports a lot of stuff that isn’t a standard part of OpenGL ES 1.0 like vertex buffer objects and NVIDIA Cg shaders.

If your using PSGL then there is no need to start completely from scratch. That testapp you compiled uses a really great frame work that is included with the SDK and there isn’t any reason to not continue using it. So make a copy of the testapp folder and lets begin editing it.

Step 3

Open up the contained and pre made Visual Studio project.
Agree to all the update/configuration junk.

Now under “build” select “Configuration Manager” and in the window that pops up set the “Active solution configuration” to “Win32Release” and click close.

Under “Build” again select “Build Solution” and it should now compile a version of the program to run on Windows (you should still be using MSYS when compiling for PS3).

Unfortunately your likely to get some errors that you will need to correct.

If when attempting to compile you are informed that “LINK : fatal error LNK1181: cannot open input file ‘dinput8.lib'” then download and install this. Then under “Project” select “TestApp Properties…”, then “Configuration Properties”, then “Linker”, then “general”, then “Additional Library Directories” and add the address “C:Program FilesMicrosoft DirectX SDK (November 2008)Libx86”. That address may differ if you get a different version of the DirectX SDK. You should probably run a search on your computer for “dinput8.lib”. You might already have it.

If you run into any other compiler errors then post them in the comments and I’ll try to help. Be sure to also check CoachLDE’s comments bellow for some additional guidance.

There should now be a “Win32Release” folder containing an windows executable of your program.

Step 4

Remember how I said that the frame work the testapp used was worth reusing? It is. But the testapp uses more of it then your going to want. Your going to want to take control over the camera system and create your own so you might as well remove the camera system that is in place now and with it strip out a few unnecessary layers of that frame work. Well we are at it we can cut out that wire frame grid.

and at the moment I don’t really feel like writing out every line that should be changed to accomplish this. I’m not even sure that anybody cares. So I’m not going to for now. Yay I’m a horrible tutorial writer.

You can download an edited version of the testapp here or here.

Along with striping out the old camera system and the grid I also made some other slight changes including adding binding for sixaxis controls and all keyboard keys (instead of only the space key as it is in the original testapp) so your setup to use them. Additionally I removed the use of debug text which admittedly is something you may have found useful.

Both the original testapp and my lightly edited copy are short enough for you to be reasonably expected to read so you should read them. Once you’ve read them then start editing them. Make small edits of your own, recompile, see what changes when running the final executable, lather, rinse, repeat. Trial and error is often the best way to learn.

109 thoughts on “Developing for PS3 – Part 3 – Programing”

  1. I would love a walkthrough of building a simple game. As to what type, that is a good question. I think it would have to be something that touches on the many subjects that are universal for the majority of game types. That way, once done following your tutorial, that person will have a decent foundation on the fundamentals of developing on the PS3 that will allow that person, with a little outside research, to develop any type of game they would like. I open to any thing you would feel comfortable doing.

    I would also like to thank you for doing what you do. I’m trying to teach myself game development. I’m decent with C/C++ and have spent a lot of time looking at your source code. Thank you for putting it out there for all to see. Keep up the good work. I’ll be anxiously awaiting your next tutorial.

    Thank You,

    1. Are you talking about the testapp that (should have) come with the SDK or the edited one I posted? Does it work when compiling for PS3 as is shown in the first tutorial?

      Could you post a link to where you got the SDK you are using from? Are you sure its the one I posted in Part 1?

      1. Let me try this again with the DirectX SDK when I get back home, that might be the issue. I missed that part of the tutorial.

  2. Hello again. After a little bit of work and starting all over again, I’m a little closer to getting your newtastapp to compile. I’m getting one error though:

    fatal error LNK1181: cannot open input file ‘dxguid.lib’

    How can this error be fixed?

    Thank You

    1. I finally decided to give it one last attempt at compiling your newtestapp with Visual Studio, and I am successful. In case others are having the same problems, this is what I did. I am doing this on 64-bit Windows 7 and Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 Ultimate. As far as I know, the Express Edition should work as well, plus it’s free!!!

      1. Install Visual Studio (2010)

      2. Download and extract sdk v1.92 to “C:usrlocalcell”

      3. Install MSYS and the related software set the environment variables. (As detailed in Developing for PS3 – Part 2)

      4. Use MSYS to compile the PS3 version and then packaged and test it to ensure the environment variables are set correctly. (As detailed in Developing for PS3 – Part 2)

      5. Download newtestapp and place it in usr/local/cell/fw

      6. Open newtestapp.sln

      7. Say yes to all configuration queries. newtestapp should all ready be set to Win32Release. If not, do so by clicking on Build->Configuration Manager and then setting the Active Configuration Solution to Win32Release

      8. Try to compile. You will get some errors. Correct them by commenting out #include from this file FWWin32GLInclude.h

      9. Try to compile again. Correct the remaining problems by installing the November 2008 DirectX SDK and adding “C:Program FilesMicrosoft DirectX SDK (November 2008)Libx86″ as an additional library directory. If you are using 64-bit Windows 7 the path is “C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft DirectX SDK (November 2008)Libx86″

      10. Then try compiling again.

      Those are the steps I followed and I was able to get it to compile correctly. I hope this helps others, as ThatOtherDev spent a couple of hours of his time to help me. I appreciate all of his help in getting me through this. And Good luck to all others.

      Thank You,

  3. i am new at all this but i would like to try to make a ps2 emulator for the ps3 would i use the sdk for that or something else im new at that and would like to know how do all this stuff any help thanks

    1. You could use the leaked SDK or PSL1GHT.

      But let me tell you now that you wont be making a PS2 emulator for PS3. The fact that your new to this means your going to stumble around trying for about a week and then give up. But even if you did know what you where doing the best thing to try and do would be to port one of the pre existing PC PS2 emulators and would take ages to get it running at all and even once it is working no amount of optimization you could do would make it run at a tolerable rate with any retail game.

      I’m sorry to crush your dreams but its a futile effort.

      If you want to make homebrew for PS3 you should try making a very simple original game and maybe later work on or help with a PS1 or N64 emulator.

      1. thanks for the help i have tryed the sdk but cant to get it to work and i tryed the psl1ght and tryed one of the testpng made the pkg but i cant install it on my ps3 3.55 i must be usein the wrong tools for geohot cfw . im goin to keep tryin im new so it might take along time like u said
        thanks again

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